Robust and powerful, the Rottweiler is happiest when given a job to perform. His intelligence, endurance, and willingness to work make him suitable as a police dog, herder, service dog, therapy dog, obedience competitor, and devoted companion. An inherent protector, the Rottweiler is self-confident and responds quietly and with a wait-and-see attitude to influences in his environment. He must be medium in size and his coat is black with rust to mahogany markings.
The Rottweiler's ancestors were the drover's dogs accompanying the herds the Romans brought with them when invading Europe. The controllable herding and guarding instincts were recognized by the Germans, and dogs were selectively bred for these traits. As the need for its services diminished, the Rottweiler almost fell into extinction. In the early 1900s, a newly formed club established a breed standard. The breed has not appreciably changed since that time.
Rottweilers love their people and may behave in a clownish manner toward family and friends, but they are also protective of their territory and do not welcome strangers until properly introduced. Obedience training and socialization are musts. They require minimal grooming maintenance.
- Working Group; AKC recognized in 1931.
- Ranging in size from 22 to 27 inches tall at the shoulder.
- Guard dog; cattle driver.
- Apartment is ok.
- Low activity indoors.
- Daily moderate exercise.
- Easy care.
- Average shedding.